If the New Zealand agribusiness experience is anything to go by, Australian Agriculture Minister David Littleproud has good reason to be paying close attention to beefing up our farm trade prospects in South America.
Mr Littleproud has been in Argentina and Brazil for the past week pushing for market access for Australian exports.
The visit has included kick-starting high level government to government dialogue on agricultural trade opportunities with Argentina, which has long been a favourite for farm sector investment and trade business by our Kiwi cousins.
“Agriculture is a huge part of the business of South America,” said NZ Trade and Enterprise international market manager, Brendan Mahar.
“For some NZ companies it’s made a lot of sense to extend their pasture-based capabilities to different parts of the continent.
“Although, doing business in South America is not without its language, legal and local economy challenges.”
Having Fonterra so well recognised has given other NZ companies the confidence to build their own South American links
NZ dairy processing giant, Fonterra, has been a notable Latin American performer for about 30 years, carving paths for other farm sector investors and marketers to follow.
Chile, which shares many of NZ’s horticultural and livestock production conditions, became home to Fonterra’s first offshore production operation, Soprole, Chile’s second biggest dairy business (also the best known corporate brand in the country after Coca Cola).
Fonterra also owns the southern Chilean milk powder, cheese, butter and whey processor, Prolesur, while in Brazil its majority-owned Dairy Partners Americas venture with Nestle handles 3 billion litres of milk annually – or about 1b litres more than Fonterra’s sizeable Australian business.
The NZ milk behemoth has other joint ventures in Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico, a pilot farm set to run about 2500 cows in Brazil, and has been jockeying to buy into Argentine dairy co-operative SanCor for a year.
Mr Mahar said Fonterra’s appetite for a bigger production base and a bigger share of dairy sales on the continent indirectly helped other Kiwi enterprises, in much same way as Australian mining giants BHP-Billiton and Rio Tinto had made useful inroads for other miners and support companies to follow in Latin America.
“Having Fonterra so well recognised has given other NZ companies some footsteps to follow and the confidence to build their own South American links,” he said.
Among other NZ players now prominent on the continent is the farmer-owned Manuka group, which bought into Chile in 2005 and now owns or manages 14 farm bases, running 41 dairies.
In Brazil another enterprising dairying family from NZ’s Northland established the Leite Verde venture after buying 12,000 hectares of undeveloped plateau country establishing vast areas of pivot irrigated pastures to carry several thousand cows.
Quality assurance auditing and advisory company, QConz, began working with Brazilian farmers 10 years ago, expanding its training and farm quality systems services to Chile, Argentina and Colombia.
It also saw a chance to provide NZ dairy equipment including ear tags and calf feeders and this year established a Brazilian joint venture manufacturing feeders.
Electric fencing, weighing equipment and monitoring technology group, TruTest, has Brazilian joint venture manufacturing and marketing partners, too.
Waikato blueberry farmer, turned soft fruit packing equipment supplier, BBC Technologies, opened its Chilean office in 2012 and is now developing inroads in the local cherry and coffee bean markets – one of several horticultural players putting NZ technology into Chile, Uruguay, Colombia and Peru, and further afield.
“We see great potential in South America – particularly the high end farm enterprise growth opportunities,” said grazing product manager for Hamilton-based herd improvement firm CRV Ambreed, Peter Van Elzakker, whose company has been there for a decade.
“You have to be patient. It’s not about instant success.”
“We’ve doubled our South American sales in the past three years.”
Part of Dutch co-operative CRV – one of the world’s biggest beef and dairy cattle genetics services – the NZ operation is active in Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, Brazil and Ecuador, focused mostly on grass-based herd improvement strategies, rather than grain fed ventures which developed to supply the US market.
“You have to be patient. It’s not about instant success,” Mr Van Elzakker said.
“The cultural differences, including language barriers, can be frustrating.
“It pays to listen, listen, listen, and speak second.”
Language barriers are real, but have been significantly eased by a popular working holiday visa program introduced by the NZ government in the early 2000s.
Peru and Chile, in particular, seem to turn out a lot of vets who seek out experience in NZ
Thousands of university students and other visitors have since made the 16-hour flight to the South Pacific for work experience.
After a year or more on farms or in ag-related businesses, building English skills and cultivating cross cultural relationships, many return home taking up jobs with Kiwi exporters or putting their English and agricultural skills to good use in other practical ways.
“As a general observation, it seems Peru and Chile, in particular, turn out a lot of vets who seek out experience here and gain a good understanding of NZ livestock management systems,” said Westpac’s senior manager for agribusiness risk and strategy, Andrew Hill.
“Many end up working for NZ companies back home, and we see quite a few NZ farmers encouraged by their South American connections to work or invest over there.”
NZTE’s Mr Mahar Strong noted demand and respect for NZ agri technology and farming ideas was complemented by the 2008 NZ-Chile free trade agreement which subsequently turned that country into NZ’s most advanced South American trade partner.
“Quite a bit of NZ investment has rolled into Chile as a result of the easier trade relationship,” he said
The new 11-country trade group, the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP II) – which includes Australia – would include Chile and Peru, further enhancing more fluid trade and investment options with NZ.
The free trade developments were potentially significant gains because most South American countries tended to operate trading blocs favouring each other, making it difficult for overseas neighbours to crack without encountering sizeable tariff or local production requirements.
-Andrew Marshall travelled to New Zealand as a guest of NZ Trade and Enterprise.
- Does this article interest you? Scroll down to the comments section and start the conversation. You only need to sign up once and create a profile in the Disqus comment management system for permanent access to all discussions.