World grain markets trod water early last week ahead of Thursday's release of the October World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE).
Ramifications of same were quickly forgotten after the announcement on Friday (Saturday morning Aussie time) of an interim trade pact between China and the US.
US futures were a sea of red on Thursday following the release of the WASDE report, with CBOT wheat, corn and soybeans closing down 9 cents a bushel, 14.25c/bu and 1.25c/bu respectively.
That all turned around on Friday after news of the trade deal broke with wheat up 16.25c/bu, corn gaining 18c/bu and soybeans up 10.75c/bu.
The Friday action was predominantly fund buying as they scrambled to cover their shorts.
They are reported to have purchased 40,000 contracts of corn, 15,000 contracts soybeans and 10,000 contracts of wheat.
This equates to 5 million tonnes, 2 million tonnes and 1.4 million tonnes of corn, soybeans and wheat respectively.
Not bad for a day's work!
Political pressure had been mounting for both leaders to reach a compromise after economic headwinds had struck both economies in recent months.
It also came at a time when both leaders were trying to deflect attention away from domestic issues; impeachment for Trump and unrest in Hong Kong for Xi Jinping.
Trump had been holding out for a comprehensive deal that addressed a range of concerns around Beijing's management of its economy.
The Chinese negotiators were equally resilient, responding to US threats of increased tariffs with new measures of their own and refusing to include many of the US concerns in negotiations.
In the end, it seems that they have settled on an interim agreement that involves China buying more US agricultural products and undertaking several minor measures to open up its economy in exchange for the US waiving the planned tariff increase set to take effect this week.
According to President Trump, the agreement was going to be great for both countries and was "a great deal for world peace. You know there was a lot of friction between the United States and China, and now it's a love fest."
He said that Beijing had agreed to buy $40-50 billion worth of US agricultural products which was a massive win for the US farmer.
With the summer crop harvest ramping up in the US at the moment it will certainly be welcome news across the US corn belt, a key area for Trump in his run for re-election in 2020.
With the details of the pact yet to be inked, the biggest concern, for now, is how long the renewed affections will last and whether the deal will ever be consummated.
Meanwhile, there were a few surprises in the United States Department of Agriculture October WASDE numbers compared to the previous month.
The corn yield was raised slightly from 168.2 bushels an acre to 168.4bu/ac.
It may have been quite a minor increase, but the trade was expecting a decrease of as much as 3bu/ac.
The USDA did cut the expected harvested area by 200,000 acres leading to a fall in US production of 0.5 million tonnes.
Global production was decreased by 1 million tonnes to 1.104 million tonnes with non-China production decreasing by the same amount to 850 million tonnes.
Ending stocks were up in Brazil and Mexico and down in the US and Ukraine.
The net effect was a fall of almost 4 million tonnes in global and non-China ending stocks to 303 million tonnes and 107 million tonnes, respectively.
On the soybean front, the USDA reduced the expected harvested area by 300,000 acres to 76.5 million acres and cut the forecast yield from 47.9bu/ac to 46.9bu/ac.
This led to a decrease in US production of 2.25 million tonnes compared to the September estimate.
Production in all other major production jurisdictions remained the same month-on-month resulting in a global number of 339 million tonnes.
Soybean ending stocks were reduced in the US by almost 5 million tonnes.
This was partially offset by increases in both Argentina and Brazil culminating in a net fall of 4 million tonnes to just over 95 million tonnes globally.
World wheat production was virtually unchanged at 765 million tonnes, but the numbers for several of the major producers are questionable.
The USDA reduced the Australian crop by 1 million tonnes but still have us pencilled in for 18 million tonnes.
The crop in Australia is suffering big time at the moment, and anything above 16 million tonnes would be a miracle.
Argentinian wheat production was left unchanged at 20.5 million tonnes.
However, the season has taken a turn for the worst in many areas with drought conditions expected to have a significant impact on final yields.
The provinces of Cordoba, La Pampa and the west and south of Buenos Aires province are in serious need of rain to arrest the decline.
The Buenos Aires Grain Exchange have reduced their production estimate from 21 million tonnes to 19.8 million tonnes and called the wheat crop 23 per cent good/excellent, against 30pc last week and 37pc last year.
The Rosario Grain Exchange have also cut their estimate by 1.5 million tonnes to 20 million tonnes.
However, private forecasters are saying wheat production could already be less than 19 million tonnes.
The biggest swinger in the world wheat space could be Russia.
The USDA left production unchanged at 72.5 million tonnes, but Russia's Agriculture Ministry put production at 75.6 million tonnes with 1-1.5 million hectares still to harvest.
That means that the early season forecasts of a 78 million tonnes Russian wheat crop is highly possible.
This all means that the world wheat balance sheet is burdensome.
Production is 30 million tonnes higher than last year, projected global demand has fallen by 8 million tonnes since the June WASDE report, forecast exports have dropped 6 million tonnes over the same period, and world ending stocks are now expected to be 4 million tonnes higher year-on-year.
Competition from the major exporters is increasing, but world stocks continue to grow.
Wheat is lacking a significant demand driver at the moment, and the overall landscape is only likely to change if there is a significant weather event to disrupt supply or a political event that interrupts traditional trade flows.
- Call your local Grain Brokers Australia representative on 1300 946 544 to discuss your grain marketing needs.
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